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Economy and Reform - 口译教程(基础篇)

1.reform一词的搭配法
  reform可以和以下动词连用:
  accomplish/effect/initiate/make/start reforms
  bring about reforms
  carry a reform into effect
  advocate/propose/urge reforms
  “深化改革”在我国出版的英语报刊上常译成deepen reform.一般说deepen做及物动词时常与knowledge, understanding一类词连用。“深化改革”中的“深化”就是“进一步”的意思,可译成:
  intensify the rural reform
  further carry out reforms
  as the reform further develops/is carried forward/is pushed forward


2."改革开放"的表达法
  “改革开放”可译成the policy of reform and opening up 或the reform and the open policy。切不可与the open-door policy(“门户开放”政策)混淆。“进一步开放”或“门要开得更大”可译成reform and opening up went one step further;further reform and opening up。
“加快改革开放的步伐”可译成accelerate the pace of reform and opening up。


3."坚持"怎么译?
  “坚持”可以译作adhere to, persevere in, persist in, hold on to, stick to, keep to等,如:
  adherence to the socialist road, to communist party leadership, to the people's democratic dictatorship and to Marxism-Leninism and Mao Zetong thought.
  adhering to a coordinated and balanced program of development.
  persevere in the pursuit of 1 central task and 2 basic points
  persisting in reform and opening up
  hold on to socialism
  stick to this attitude
  keep to the socialist orientation
  adhere to 的意识是“坚持维护,支持”,“信仰坚定”,“忠于”,如:“坚持党的基本路线”可译作 adhere to the party's basic line,“坚持无产阶级国际主义”可译作adhere to proletarian internationalism。
  persevere in 和persist in 一般用于行动,都有“在困难或遭到反对的情况下继续”的意思;但persevere in 带褒义,表示“不屈不挠”,而persist in 带贬义,表示“顽固,不听开导”,如:
  perseverance means success.
  persevere in one's studies/armed struggle
  persist in one's errors/asking insulting questions
  hold one to 的意思是“抓住不放”,用于beliefs, ideas, principles时表示“坚持信仰”,即使他人影响或情况使人产生怀疑,也不改变或放弃,如:
  hold on to one's views
  stick to 的意思是“粘住,不离”;和choice, decision, principle, belief 等词连用时,也有“不变,不放弃”,“坚持”的意思。
  keep to 有“不离”,“不违背”,“遵守”的意思,如:
  keep to the main road
  keep to prearranged plan
  keep to 用于decision,belief,rules时有“坚持”的意思。此外,“坚持”也可译作insist on, keep up, uphold 等。
  insist on 多用于意见,主张,表示“硬要”,“坚决要求”,如:
  we insist on an interview before we accept any ma candidate.
  she insisted on her innocence.
  he insisted on going innocence.
  keep up 的意思是“继续”,如:
  keep up one's studies/piano practice/the attack/the good work
  uphold 的意思 是“支持”,赞同“,可和law, principle, system, practice连用,表示“坚持”。“我们党坚持辩证唯物主义和历史唯物主义的世界观”可译作our party upholds dialectical materialism and historical materialism as its world outlook.

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